Tuesday, 30 September 2014

Low birth weight may predetermine the risk of osteoarthritis later in life

SPHPM's Dr S Monira Hussain has recently co-written an article which suggests that individuals born with low birth weight or preterm birth are at increased risk of hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis in adult life.

According to the study, 116 participants underwent knee arthroplasty and 75 underwent hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis . Low birth weight and preterm birth were associated with increased incidence of hip arthroplasty independent of age, sex, BMI, education level, hypertension and diabetes, smoking and physical activity, although no significant association was observed for knee arthroplasty.

The paper found that identifying individuals born with low birth weight or preterm birth as an “at risk group” for hip osteoarthritis and targeting them for close monitoring and early interventions may decrease the development of hip osteoarthritis in later life.

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